Answer: Alankars or Paltas are music exercises. Student repeats . Now I am interested in learning to sing Indian classical music. This is going. Get started on your Hindustani music journey with the 7 basic notes, and some fun note patterns to help train your voice! Instructor Rucha Jambhekar gives you. Shruti · Swara · Alankar · Raga · Rasa · Tala · Sangita · Vadya · v · t · e. Alankara, also referred to as palta or alankaram, is a concept in Indian classical music and .

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An alankara is any pattern of musical decoration a musician or vocalist creates within or across tones, based on ancient musical theories or driven by personal creative choices, in a progression of svaras.

My Music Room X. For example in G R, the forefinger is placed on R and the middle or ring finger is placed on G and immediately after plucking G, the finger on it is moved transversely across the string to produce a secondary plucking without the help of the right hand so that R is sounded. In the context of Indian classical music, the application of an alankar is essentially to embellish or enhance the inherent beauty of the genre.

The principal action in playing a Krintan involves complex plucking on string with both hands.

In instrumental music too, with the exception of some instruments, the notes are never static either. Views Read Edit View history. Kan c,assical are very important for the proper rendition of a raga. In the perspective of Indo-Pak classical music, alankar means ornaments and the function of an alankar is to embellish or enhance the beauty of raga. The shrutis or microtones are very important in raga sangeet.


The resulting sound has a slightly metallic resonance and can never be reproduced by the human voice. There are 33 types of alankars and alankars were first used between BC and AD. Alankara, also referred to as palta or alankaram, is a concept in Indian classical music and literally means “ornament, decoration”.

Raga Online Raga Online. The latter classification, Shabdalankar, comprised the aesthetic aspect. Recommended Video View All.

These stages comprise the alaap-vistaarbehelawa, bol-bant, sargams, taans, in vilambit laya and drut laya in case of khayal and Alaap, jod and gats in case of instrumental music.

These linking notes are called grace notes or Kan-swars. One has to take care of the accuracy of the starting and ending swars but also on the kan swars of the ragas, the speed of these meends and the tone of intermediate swars. Andolan alankar is a gentle swing or oscillation that starts from a fixed note and touches the edge of next adjoining note.

In Indian music and especially in raga sangeet, staccato disjointed or straight isolated notes are almost unheard.

What is Alankars in Indian Classical Music?

It is this extra note or grace note that lays the foundation of all alankars. Meend is one of the most difficult elements in a raga music. Each note has some link with its preceding or succeeding note. On a string instrument like sitar, surbahar and veenas, when a note is struck and the string is pulled outwards or crosses a fret to reach a higher note or several higher notes from that single stroke, it is called a Meend.


A word of caution from our gurus, however: What is Alankars in Indian Classical Music? It referred to the sound production technique utilised by either the human voice or on an instrument.

Alankars other than the ones featured may exist – we have selected those that are unique and comprehensible and commonly used by practicing musicians. There are two major groups of alankars which are Varna Alankar and Shabdalankar.

Learn Raaga Basics: Basic Training – Alankaar / Paltaa

Many of these alankars are raga form khayal, thumri in instrumental music. However, if a kan swar is played on an instrument using a swift meend, the effect is not so different from its vocal counterpart. The term alankara is standard in Carnatic music, while the same concept is referred to as palta or alankara in Hindustani music. The ancient and medieval music scholars of India state that there are unlimited creative possibilities available to a musician, but each scholar illustrated the concept with a set of alankara.

Click here to view map. This treatise on dramaturgy mentions 33 types of Alankars.

Hindustani Music : Basic Notes and Note Patterns (Alankars)

There are four basic kind of alankars which are given below. Datilla discussed 13 alankarasBharata Muni presented 33, Sarngadeva clsasical 63 alankaraswhile mid medieval scholars presented numerous more. In instrumental music, each note has some link with its preceding or succeeding note.